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Coastal Marine Ecosystems

Coastal marine ecosystems encompass the rocky intertidal zone, where the ocean rises and falls with the tides, out across the continental shelf in waters of 100 m depth where wind- and river-driven currents can dominate, to out over the continental slope and adjacent deep ocean. Coastal oceans are very biologically productive. For example, regions of coastal upwelling, while accounting for only 1% of the world ocean’s surface area, account for about 25% of the wild caught seafood. The coastal ocean is also where low-oxygen events (hypoxia) and ocean acidification influence marine ecosystems. Physical oceanographers seek to understand how physical processes create currents and move water and the material it carries around the coastal ocean to shape the coastal marine ecosystem.

Coastal Upwelling

Evans, W., B. Hales, P. G. Strutton, R. K. Shearman and J. A. Barth, 2014. Failure to bloom: Intense upwelling results in negligible phytoplankton response and prolonged CO2 outgassing over the Oregon shelf. J. Geophys. Res., 120, doi:10.1002/2014JC010580. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014JC010580

Woodson, C. B., M. A. McManus, J. A. Tyburczy, J. A. Barth, L. Washburn, P. T. Raimondi, B. A. Menge, and S. R. Palumbi, 2012. Coastal fronts set recruitment and connectivity patterns across multiple taxa. Limnol. Oceanogr., 57(2), 582–596.   https://doi.org/10.4319/lo.2012.57.2.0582

Barshis, D. J., E. E. Sotka, R. P. Kelly, A. Sivasundar, B. A. Menge, J. A. Barth and S. R. Palumbi, 2011. A link between coastal upwelling and temporal genetic variability in the acorn barnacle Balanus glandula. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 439, 139-150.

Kim, S. and J. A. Barth, 2011. Connectivity of larval dispersal along the Oregon coast by numerical simulations. J. Geophys. Res., 116, C06002, doi:10.1029/2010JC006741. https://doi.org/10.1029/2010JC006741

Dudas, S. E., B. A. Grantham, A. R. Kirincich, B. A. Menge, J. Lubchenco and J. A. Barth, 2009. Current reversals as determinants of intertidal recruitment on the central Oregon coast. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 66, 396-407.

Kudela, R. M., N. S. Banas, J. A. Barth, E. R. Frame, D. Jay, J. L. Largier, E. J. Lessard, T. D. Peterson and A. J. VanderWoude, 2008. New insights into the controls and mechanisms of plankton productivity in coastal upwelling waters of the northern California Current System. Oceanography, 21, 46-59. https://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2008.04

Woodson, C. B., D. I. Eerkes-Medrano, A. Flores-Morales, M. Foley, S. Henkel, M. Hessing-Lewis, D.    Jacinto, L. Needles, M. Nishizaki, J. OLeary, C. E. Ostrander, M. Pespeni, K. Schwager, J. A. Tyburczy, K. A. Weersing, A. R. Kirincich, J. A. Barth, M. A. McManus, and L. Washburn, 2007. Diurnal upwelling driven by sea breezes in northern Monterey Bay: A local mechanism for larval delivery to the intertidal? Cont. Shelf. Res., 27, 2289-2302.

Barth, J. A., B. A. Menge, J. Lubchenco, F. Chan, J. M. Bane, A. R. Kirincich, M. A. McManus, K. J. Nielsen, S. D. Pierce and L. Washburn, 2007. Delayed upwelling alters nearshore coastal ocean ecosystems in the Northern California Current. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, 104, 3719-3724 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0700462104

Van Geen, A., R. K. Takesue, J. Goddard, T. Takahashi, J. A. Barth and R. L. Smith, 2000. Carbon and nutrient dynamics during coastal upwelling off Cape Blanco, Oregon. Deep-Sea Res. II, 47, 975–1002. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0645(99)00133-2

California Current Large Marine Ecosystem (CCLME)

Sato, M., J. A. Barth, K. J. Benoit-Bird, S. D. Pierce, T. J. Cowles, R. D. Brodeur, and W. T. Peterson, 2017. Coastal upwelling fronts as a boundary for planktivorous fish distributions. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 595, 171-186, https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12553

Wu, D., M. Zhou, S. D. Pierce, J. A. Barth and T. Cowles, 2014. Zooplankton distribution and transport in the California Current off Oregon. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 508, 87–103, doi:10.3354/meps10835. 

Drake, P., T., C. A. Edwards and J. A. Barth, 2011. Dispersion and connectivity estimates along the U.S. west coast from a realistic numerical model. J. Mar. Res., 69, 1-37 https://doi.org/10.1357/002224011798147615

Juan Jorda, M. J., J. A. Barth, M. E. Clarke and W. W. Wakefield, 2009. Groundfish species associations with distinct oceanographic habitats in the northern California Current. Fisheries Oceanography, 18, 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2419.2008.00489.x

Ainley, D. G., K. D. Dugger, R. G. Ford, S. D. Pierce, D. C. Reese, R. D. Brodeur, C. T. Tynan and J. A. Barth, 2009. Association of predators and prey at frontal features in the California Current: Competition, facilitation, and co- occurrence. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 389, 271-294.

Tynan, C. T., D. G. Ainley, J. A. Barth, T. J. Cowles, S. D. Pierce and L. Spear, 2005. Cetacean distributions relative to ocean processes in the northern California Current System. Deep-Sea Res. II, 52, 145-167.

Ressler, P. H., R. D. Brodeur, W. T. Peterson, S. D. Pierce, P. M. Vance, A. R. Roestad and J. A. Barth, 2005. The spatial distribution of euphausiid aggregations in the northern California Current during August 2000. Deep-Sea Res. II, 52, 89-108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2004.09.032

Ainley, D. G., L. B. Spear, C. T. Tynan, J. A. Barth, S. D. Pierce, R. G. Ford and T. J. Cowles, 2005. Physical and biological variables affecting seabird distributions during the upwelling season of the northern California Current. Deep-Sea Res. 

II, 52, 123-143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dsr2.2004.08.016 

Sotka, E. E., J. P. Wares, J. A. Barth, R. K. Grosberg and S. R. Palumbi, 2004. Strong genetic clines and geographical variation in gene flow in the rocky intertidal barnacle Balanus glandula. Molecular Ecology, 13, 2143-2156. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-294X.2004.02225.x

Fronts

Mengelt, C., M. R. Abbott, J. A. Barth, R. M. Letelier, C. I. Measures and S. Vink, 2001. Phytoplankton pigment distribution in relation to silicic acid, iron and the physical structure across the Antarctic Polar Front, 170W, during austral summer. Deep-Sea Res. II, 48, 4081–4100. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0645(01)00081-9

Ryan, J. P., J. A. Yoder, J. A. Barth and P. C. Cornillon, 1999. Chlorophyll enhancement and mixing associated with meanders of the shelfbreak front in the Mid-Atlantic Bight. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 23,479–23,493. https://doi.org/10.1029/1999JC900174

Instrumentation Technology

 

Barth, J. A. and D. J. Bogucki, 2000. Spectral light absorption and attenuation measurements from a towed undulating vehicle. Deep-Sea Res., 47, 323–342.​​​​​​