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Coastal Marine Ecosystems

Coastal marine ecosystems encompass the rocky intertidal zone, where the ocean rises and falls with the tides, out across the continental shelf in waters of 100 m depth where wind- and river-driven currents can dominate, to out over the continental slope and adjacent deep ocean. Coastal oceans are very biologically productive. For example, regions of coastal upwelling, while accounting for only 1% of the world ocean’s surface area, account for about 25% of the wild caught seafood. The coastal ocean is also where low-oxygen events (hypoxia) and ocean acidification influence marine ecosystems. Physical oceanographers seek to understand how physical processes create currents and move water and the material it carries around the coastal ocean to shape the coastal marine ecosystem.

Coastal Upwelling

Rivers, J. W., J. Bailey Guerrero, R. D. Brodeur, G. K. Krutzikowsky, L. J. Adrean, S. A. Heppell, K. C. Jacobson, K. Milligan, S. K. Nelson, D. D. Roby, W. J. Sydeman, L. G. Torres, and J. A. Barth, 2022. Critical research needs for forage fish within inner-shelf marine ecosystems. Fisheries,

Evans, W., B. Hales, P. G. Strutton, R. K. Shearman and J. A. Barth, 2014. Failure to bloom: Intense upwelling results in negligible phytoplankton response and prolonged CO2 outgassing over the Oregon shelf. J. Geophys. Res., 120, doi:10.1002/2014JC010580.

Woodson, C. B., M. A. McManus, J. A. Tyburczy, J. A. Barth, L. Washburn, P. T. Raimondi, B. A. Menge, and S. R. Palumbi, 2012. Coastal fronts set recruitment and connectivity patterns across multiple taxa. Limnol. Oceanogr., 57(2), 582–596.

Barshis, D. J., E. E. Sotka, R. P. Kelly, A. Sivasundar, B. A. Menge, J. A. Barth and S. R. Palumbi, 2011. A link between coastal upwelling and temporal genetic variability in the acorn barnacle Balanus glandula. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 439, 139-150. PDF

Kim, S. and J. A. Barth, 2011. Connectivity of larval dispersal along the Oregon coast by numerical simulations. J. Geophys. Res., 116, C06002, doi:10.1029/2010JC006741.

Dudas, S. E., B. A. Grantham, A. R. Kirincich, B. A. Menge, J. Lubchenco and J. A. Barth, 2009. Current reversals as determinants of intertidal recruitment on the central Oregon coast. ICES J. Mar. Sci., 66, 396-407. PDF

Kudela, R. M., N. S. Banas, J. A. Barth, E. R. Frame, D. Jay, J. L. Largier, E. J. Lessard, T. D. Peterson and A. J. VanderWoude, 2008. New insights into the controls and mechanisms of plankton productivity in coastal upwelling waters of the northern California Current System. Oceanography, 21, 46-59.

Woodson, C. B., D. I. Eerkes-Medrano, A. Flores-Morales, M. Foley, S. Henkel, M. Hessing-Lewis, D.    Jacinto, L. Needles, M. Nishizaki, J. OLeary, C. E. Ostrander, M. Pespeni, K. Schwager, J. A. Tyburczy, K. A. Weersing, A. R. Kirincich, J. A. Barth, M. A. McManus, and L. Washburn, 2007. Diurnal upwelling driven by sea breezes in northern Monterey Bay: A local mechanism for larval delivery to the intertidal? Cont. Shelf. Res., 27, 2289-2302. PDF

Barth, J. A., B. A. Menge, J. Lubchenco, F. Chan, J. M. Bane, A. R. Kirincich, M. A. McManus, K. J. Nielsen, S. D. Pierce and L. Washburn, 2007. Delayed upwelling alters nearshore coastal ocean ecosystems in the Northern California Current. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, 104, 3719-3724

Van Geen, A., R. K. Takesue, J. Goddard, T. Takahashi, J. A. Barth and R. L. Smith, 2000. Carbon and nutrient dynamics during coastal upwelling off Cape Blanco, Oregon. Deep-Sea Res. II, 47, 975–1002.

California Current Large Marine Ecosystem (CCLME)

Kroeker, K. J., M. H. Carr, P. T. Raimondi, J. E. Caselle, L. Washburn, S. R. Palumbi, J. A. Barth, F. Chan, B. A. Menge, K. Milligan, M. Novak, and J. W. White, 2019. Planning for change: Assessing the potential role of marine protected areas and fisheries management approaches for resilience management in a changing ocean. Oceanography, 32(3), 116-125,

Menge, B. A., J. E. Caselle, K. Milligan, S. A. Gravem, T. C. Gouhier, J. W. White, J. A. Barth, C. A. Blanchette, M. H. Carr, F. Chan, J. Lubchenco, M. A. McManus, M. Novak, P. T. Raimondi, and L. Washburn, 2019. Integrating coastal oceanic and benthic ecological approaches for understanding large-scale meta-?ecosystem dynamics. Oceanography, 32(3), 38-49,

Menge, B. A., K.Milligan, J. E. Caselle, J. A. Barth, C. A. Blanchette, M. H. Carr, F. Chan, R. K. Cowen, M. Denny, S. D. Gaines, G. E. Hofmann, K. J. Kroeker, J. Lubchenco, M. A. McManus, M. Novak, S. R. Palumbi, P. T. Raimondi, G. N. Somero, R. R. Warner, L. Washburn, and J. W. White, 2019. PISCO: Advances made through the formation of a large-scale, long-term consortium for integrated understanding of coastal ecosystem dynamics. Oceanography, 32(3), 16–25,

Menge, B. A., J. E. Caselle, J. A. Barth, C. A. Blanchette, M. H. Carr, F. Chan, S. Gravem, T. C. Gouhier, J. Lubchenco, M. A. McManus, K. Milligan, M. Novak, P. T. Raimondi, L. Washburn, and J.W. White. 2019. Community responses to climate-related variability and disease: The critical importance of long-term research. Oceanography, 32(3), 72--81,

Sato, M., J. A. Barth, K. J. Benoit-Bird, S. D. Pierce, T. J. Cowles, R. D. Brodeur, and W. T. Peterson, 2017. Coastal upwelling fronts as a boundary for planktivorous fish distributions. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 595, 171-186,

Wu, D., M. Zhou, S. D. Pierce, J. A. Barth and T. Cowles, 2014. Zooplankton distribution and transport in the California Current off Oregon. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 508, 87–103, doi:10.3354/meps10835. PDF

Drake, P., T., C. A. Edwards and J. A. Barth, 2011. Dispersion and connectivity estimates along the U.S. west coast from a realistic numerical model. J. Mar. Res., 69, 1-37

Juan Jorda, M. J., J. A. Barth, M. E. Clarke and W. W. Wakefield, 2009. Groundfish species associations with distinct oceanographic habitats in the northern California Current. Fisheries Oceanography, 18, 1-19.

Ainley, D. G., K. D. Dugger, R. G. Ford, S. D. Pierce, D. C. Reese, R. D. Brodeur, C. T. Tynan and J. A. Barth, 2009. Association of predators and prey at frontal features in the California Current: Competition, facilitation, and co- occurrence. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 389, 271-294. PDF

Tynan, C. T., D. G. Ainley, J. A. Barth, T. J. Cowles, S. D. Pierce and L. Spear, 2005. Cetacean distributions relative to ocean processes in the northern California Current System. Deep-Sea Res. II, 52, 145-167. PDF

Ressler, P. H., R. D. Brodeur, W. T. Peterson, S. D. Pierce, P. M. Vance, A. R. Roestad and J. A. Barth, 2005. The spatial distribution of euphausiid aggregations in the northern California Current during August 2000. Deep-Sea Res. II, 52, 89-108.

Ainley, D. G., L. B. Spear, C. T. Tynan, J. A. Barth, S. D. Pierce, R. G. Ford and T. J. Cowles, 2005. Physical and biological variables affecting seabird distributions during the upwelling season of the northern California Current. Deep-Sea Res

II, 52, 123-143. 

Sotka, E. E., J. P. Wares, J. A. Barth, R. K. Grosberg and S. R. Palumbi, 2004. Strong genetic clines and geographical variation in gene flow in the rocky intertidal barnacle Balanus glandula. Molecular Ecology, 13, 2143-2156.


Mengelt, C., M. R. Abbott, J. A. Barth, R. M. Letelier, C. I. Measures and S. Vink, 2001. Phytoplankton pigment distribution in relation to silicic acid, iron and the physical structure across the Antarctic Polar Front, 170W, during austral summer. Deep-Sea Res. II, 48, 4081–4100.

Ryan, J. P., J. A. Yoder, J. A. Barth and P. C. Cornillon, 1999. Chlorophyll enhancement and mixing associated with meanders of the shelfbreak front in the Mid-Atlantic Bight. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 23,479–23,493.

Instrumentation Technology

Barth, J. A. and D. J. Bogucki, 2000. Spectral light absorption and attenuation measurements from a towed undulating vehicle. Deep-Sea Res., 47, 323–342.​​​​​​PDF

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